Providing services for videothoracoscopy | Print |
Monday, 09 November 2015 00:00
What Videothoracoscopy?
foto
Videothoracoscopy - a new type of operation. Since access to the chest through very small (5-20 mm) punctures, this approach is sometimes referred to as "keyhole surgery". Total 1-3 puncture instead of extensive razreza- this is an advantage.
What is the purpose videothoracoscopy?
Videothoracoscopy performed for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes.
Diagnostic Videothoracoscopy intended to help establish the correct diagnosis in the following situations:
• suspected disseminated lung disease
• pleural thickening, formation of the pleura,
• pleural effusion of unknown etiology,
• tumors of the lungs,
• differential diagnosis of neoplastic processes affecting the organs of the chest,
• vague shadow in the lung, identified by computed tomography (CT) of the lungs.
Videothoracoscopy also allows you to perform a biopsy of intrathoracic lymph nodes, visceral pleura and parientalnoy.
Videothoracoscopy as the method used in the surgical treatment of tumors and cysts of the thymus gland, the pericardial cysts, bronhoenterogennyh cysts, pulmonary tuberculosis, sarcoidosis, abscess of the mediastinum, bullous lung disease, diaphragmatic hernia, a relaxation of the diaphragm, thoracic cavity foreign bodies.
What is the essence of this operation?
In the pleural cavity through a puncture 1-3 diameter of 5-20 mm enter a small video camera and instruments. The operation is performed under the control of the image on the monitor screen with the ability to zoom in several times.
Why do you need a diagnosis operatsiyu- Videothoracoscopy?
Not all diseases manifest themselves clinically. That is, people can not guess that ill.
So, there is a group of disseminated lung disease. A lot of them - about 200. Among all respiratory diseases disseminated lung diseases constitute 15-20%. Clinical manifestations may be a cough, shortness of breath, pain, weakness, fever. However, 33% of diseases are asymptomatic. These diseases combines X-ray pattern of bilateral diffuse dissemination in both lungs.
In order to establish the correct diagnosis and, consequently, the choice of adequate treatment is necessary to carry out morphological issledovanie- get a sample of modified lung tissue and examine it. It VATS operations allow morphologically confirm the diagnosis and to select the desired treatment regimen in metastatic lesions of the lung.
Are there any contraindications to perform VATS?
Contraindications for VATS is an expression of adhesions in the pleural cavity, as well as severe cardiac, respiratory, renal failure.
Benefits of VATS procedures:
• minimal trauma, invasive;
• the patient does not need to find a postoperative ICU;
• 1-3 days after surgery, the patient can be discharged from the hospital;
• lack of expressed pain after surgery;
• minimum risk of intraoperative complications and complications after the operation, given the high resolution camera, the use of modern tools and supplies;
• shortening of the rehabilitation and recovery of the patient after surgery;
• cosmetic effect (after 6 months after the operation postoperative scars are practically invisible).
Videothoracoscopy - a new type of operation. Since access to the chest through very small (5-20 mm) punctures, this approach is sometimes referred to as "keyhole surgery". Total 1-3 puncture instead of extensive razreza- this is an advantage.
What is the purpose videothoracoscopy?
Videothoracoscopy performed for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes.
Diagnostic Videothoracoscopy intended to help establish the correct diagnosis in the following situations:
• suspected disseminated lung disease
• pleural thickening, formation of the pleura,
• pleural effusion of unknown etiology,
• tumors of the lungs,
• differential diagnosis of neoplastic processes affecting the organs of the chest,
• vague shadow in the lung, identified by computed tomography (CT) of the lungs.
Videothoracoscopy also allows you to perform a biopsy of intrathoracic lymph nodes, visceral pleura and parientalnoy.
Videothoracoscopy as the method used in the surgical treatment of tumors and cysts of the thymus gland, the pericardial cysts, bronhoenterogennyh cysts, pulmonary tuberculosis, sarcoidosis, abscess of the mediastinum, bullous lung disease, diaphragmatic hernia, a relaxation of the diaphragm, thoracic cavity foreign bodies.

What is the essence of this operation?
In the pleural cavity through a puncture 1-3 diameter of 5-20 mm enter a small video camera and instruments. The operation is performed under the control of the image on the monitor screen with the ability to zoom in several times.

Why do you need a diagnosis operatsiyu- Videothoracoscopy?
Not all diseases manifest themselves clinically. That is, people can not guess that ill.
So, there is a group of disseminated lung disease. A lot of them - about 200. Among all respiratory diseases disseminated lung diseases constitute 15-20%. Clinical manifestations may be a cough, shortness of breath, pain, weakness, fever. However, 33% of diseases are asymptomatic. These diseases combines X-ray pattern of bilateral diffuse dissemination in both lungs.
In order to establish the correct diagnosis and, consequently, the choice of adequate treatment is necessary to carry out morphological issledovanie- get a sample of modified lung tissue and examine it. It VATS operations allow morphologically confirm the diagnosis and to select the desired treatment regimen in metastatic lesions of the lung.

Are there any contraindications to perform VATS?
Contraindications for VATS is an expression of adhesions in the pleural cavity, as well as severe cardiac, respiratory, renal failure.

Benefits of VATS procedures:
• minimal trauma, invasive;
• the patient does not need to find a postoperative ICU;
• 1-3 days after surgery, the patient can be discharged from the hospital;
• lack of expressed pain after surgery;
• minimum risk of intraoperative complications and complications after the operation, given the high resolution camera, the use of modern tools and supplies;
• shortening of the rehabilitation and recovery of the patient after surgery;
• cosmetic effect (after 6 months after the operation postoperative scars are practically invisible).