March 24 - World Tuberculosis Day | Print |

Tuberculosis (from Latin tuberculum - tubercle) is an infectious disease caused by a mycobacterium. Tuberculosis generally affects the lungs, but can also affect other parts of the body.

How does infection occur?

The disease is spread from one person to another through airborne bacteria. Tuberculosis is spread through the air when people who have active TB in their lungs cough, spit, speak, or sneeze.

A TB infection doesn't mean you'll get sick.

Only 5-15% of people infected with tuberculosis develop active disease, in other cases of infection in humans is the formation of non-sterile immunity. If you are healthy, your strong immune system can fight off infections from TB bacteria easily. But if you have any of the following, you might not be able to fend off active TB disease: weakened immune system, adverse living conditions, chronic stress and depression, tobacco use and alcohol consumption, concomitant diseases (HIV, diabetes, respiratory diseases, mental illness, peptic ulcer, and 12- The duodenum).

What Are the Symptoms of TB?

  • A cough that lasts more than 3 weeks
  • Chest pain
  • A slight increase in temperature over a long period, especially in the evening hours, with physical and emotional stress.
  • Feeling tired all the time
  • Night sweats
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight loss

How to detect tuberculosis?

BCG Vaccine is indicated for the prevention of tuberculosis in persons not previously infected with tuberculosis who are at high risk for exposure. BCG vaccine is recommended at birth or after completion of prophylaxis in all neonates. Prevention of tuberculosis in adulthood is the annual dispensary observation and detection of the disease in the early stages. It is necessary to undergo a fluorographic examination at the polyclinic at least once a year (depending on the profession, health status and belonging to different risk groups).

Prevention of tuberculosis:

Boosting Your Body's Defenses;

Adherence to the correct mode of work and rest; rational, full and timely nutrition; refusal from smoking, psychoactive substances and alcohol-containing beverages; adherence to a healthy lifestyle.